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Evaluation of a solid phase radioimmunoassay (Ausria-125) for the detection of hepatitis B antigen (Australia antigen) in two clinical materials
  1. B. G. Hansson,
  2. T. Johnsson
  1. Department of Clinical Virology, University of Lund, Malmö
  2. Malmö General Hospital, Malmö

    Abstract

    A solid-phase radioimmunoassay (Ausria-125) was compared to an immunoelectro-osmophoresis method in detecting hepatitis-B antigen (HBAg). The radioimmunoassay detected HBAg in approximately 230 times higher dilutions than the immunoelectroosmophoresis method. In cases of acute hepatitis HBAg could be detected for about 70% longer after the onset of jaundice using radioimmunoassay compared with immunoelectroosmophoresis. Of 138 patients with acute hepatitis, who were HBAg-negative by immunoelectroosmophoresis, 23 (17%) were positive by radioimmunoassay. The specificity of the positive results with this test was investigated by neutralization tests with human antiserum to HBAg.

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