We studied the feasibility of detecting antibody to hepatitis B surface antigen (anti-HBs) by an inhibition assay using the reagents of an enzyme-immunoassay for HBsAg (Hepanostika). Several modifications of the basic assay were investigated. Sensitivity was greatest when the test sample was incubated with a predetermined amount of HBsAg before the usual procedure of HBsAg detection. The presence of anti-HBs in the test sample was shown by a reduction of the solid-phase bound enzyme label. Results were obtained with a dilution series of serum samples containing anti-HBs, the anti-HBs Reference Panel of the American Bureau of Biologics, sera of hepatitis B patients, and sera of two individuals passively immunised with anti-HBs. The enzyme-immunoassay method showed at least the same sensitivity as passive haemagglutination. It was less sensitive than a commercially available radioimmunoassay (Ausab). There are no indications that non-specific reactions occur frequently. This study also revealed that the antigenaemia of acute hepatitis-B patients can be interrupted by a transient seroconversion.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.