One hundred and three gastroscopic biopsies from 80 patients were cultured for Campylobacter pyloridis and studied histologically. Active chronic gastritis, as shown by the presence of polymorphonuclear leucocytes, was diagnosed in 51 biopsies and C pyloridis was found in 47. Sixteen gastric biopsies showed normal histology (no inflammation); C pyloridis was detected in only one of these, and a second biopsy taken from this patient at the same time showed active gastritis. Biopsies could be kept at 4 degrees C for five hours without loss of viability of C pyloridis. An inoculum made by grinding the biopsy in a ground glass grinder consistently gave a much heavier growth of C pyloridis than one made by mincing the specimen. The campylobacter supplement ferrous sulphate, sodium metabisulphite, sodium pyruvate (FBP) (Oxoid) was inhibitory for some isolates; the inhibitory component was found to be sodium metabisulphite. Contaminants, but not C pyloridis, were inhibited by the incorporation of vancomycin 6 mg/l, nalidixic acid 20 mg/l, and amphotericin 2 mg/l, but higher concentrations inhibited C pyloridis. Undried plates kept in a plastic container at room temperature for up to two weeks were as satisfactory as freshly poured plates for the isolation of C pyloridis.
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