A comprehensive neuropathological study was undertaken on 87 children aged between 2 and 15 years with fatal head injuries to identify those features which occurred at the time of head injury (fractured skull, contusions, intracranial haematoma and diffuse axonal injury) and those which were subsequently produced by complicating processes (hypoxic brain damage, raised intracranial pressure, infection and brain swelling). The types of brain brain damage identified were remarkably similar to those seen in adults. The only difference was the prevalence of diffuse brain swelling in children.
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