A specimen transport audit was performed at a routine and reference laboratory. Over the survey period (1986-89) the percentage of specimens received and assessed as hazardous (inadequately packed, misidentified, or contaminated by leakage) fell significantly from 12.0 to 2.8%. Specimen transport audit identified technical and logistical faults associated with sample transmission. It is concluded that no type of hazard should exceed 0.5% of samples, with the total being less than 1% of specimens received. Specimen transport audit is an additional laboratory performance indicator.