Article Text

PDF

Cathepsin B expression in tumour cells and laminin distribution in pulmonary adenocarcinoma.
  1. M Higashiyama,
  2. O Doi,
  3. K Kodama,
  4. H Yokouchi,
  5. R Tateishi
  1. Department of Thoracic Surgery, Centre for Adult Diseases, Osaka, Japan.

    Abstract

    AIMS: To determine the correlation between cathepsin B expression and laminin distribution in pulmonary adenocarcinoma tissue. METHODS: The distribution of cathepsin B and laminin was examined in 28 formalin fixed, paraffin wax embedded specimens of pulmonary adenocarcinoma tissue, using a double immunostaining technique with commercially available antibodies to cathepsin B and laminin, respectively. RESULTS: Tumour cells in 23 (82%) cases reacted to cathepsin B: 13 cases were weakly positive and 10 were strongly positive. Laminin in tumour associated basement membrane produced various staining patterns: two cases had an almost continuous distribution of laminin in tumour associated basement membrane in the tumour tissues, while a moderately discontinuous laminin distribution pattern was found in 12 cases, and a highly fragmented pattern was found in 14 cases. The degree of cathepsin B expression in tumour cells was significantly correlated with the break up of laminin staining. In some cases a discontinuous pattern of tumour associated laminin was frequently observed adjacent to cathepsin B positive tumour cell nests. CONCLUSIONS: Considering that cathepsin B has the capacity to degrade basement membrane components, including laminin, the inverse correlation shown in this study between the increase in cathepsin B expression by tumour cells and the diminution of laminin in tumour associated basement membrane could reflect local progression and spread by pulmonary adenocarcinoma.

    Statistics from Altmetric.com

    Request permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.