AIMS--To evaluate a technique for culture of Helicobacter pylori in large quantities of liquid media and to determine the factors that could influence the results. METHODS--Fifteen clinical isolates of H pylori and a reference strain of H pylori NCTC11637 were used to evaluate a method to cultivate the organism in 100 ml liquid medium comprising brain heart infusion broth with 5% horse serum and 0.25% yeast extract. Tissue culture flasks containing the inoculated liquid medium were placed in a CO2 incubator with 5% CO2 for 2 hours and then incubated in a shaking incubator at 120 rpm. RESULTS--All the clinical isolates and the reference strain grew in the broth, although only a moderate growth of the reference strain occurred. Inoculum size significantly influenced the kinetics of growth of H pylori in the liquid medium. Vancomycin, nalidixic acid, and amphotericin B, used to suppress contamination, did not affect growth of H pylori in the medium. CO2 was essential for H pylori to grow or survive in the liquid medium. Incubation with CO2 in a CO2 incubator for 30 minutes or 2 hours did not affect the results. CONCLUSIONS--H pylori can be cultivated in large quantities of brain heart infusion broth with 5% horse serum and 0.25% yeast extract. Initial inoculum concentrations influence the kinetics of H pylori growth in the liquid medium. Vancomycin, nalidixic acid, and amphotericin B can be used as selective antimicrobial agents. CO2 is essential for initial growth of H pylori in liquid media. The findings in this study may provide a useful, reproducible, and simple method for biochemical, molecular, and physiological studies of H pylori, when those require large quantities of the organism.
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