J Clin Pathol 54:356-361 doi:10.1136/jcp.54.5.356

Method for the measurement of antioxidant activity in human fluids

  1. D Koracevic1,
  2. G Koracevic2,
  3. V Djordjevic1,
  4. S Andrejevic3,
  5. V Cosic4
  1. 1Institute of Biochemistry, Medical faculty, University Clinical Center, Nis, Yugoslavia
  2. 2Department of Cardiology, University Clinical Center
  3. 3Department for Hematology and Clinical Immunology, University Clinical Center
  4. 4Biochemical Laboratory, University Clinical Center
  1. Dr Koracevic, Zetska 4/26, 18000 Nis, Yugoslavia KORACH{at}BANKERINTER.NET
  • Accepted 10 June 2000


Aim—To develop a new, simple, and cheap method for estimating antioxidant activity in human fluids.

Methods—The assay measured the capacity of the biological fluids to inhibit the production of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) from sodium benzoate under the influence of the free oxygen radicals derived from Fenton's reaction. A solution of 1 mmol/litre uric acid was used as standard.

Results—The following mean (SD) antioxidative activities were found (as uric acid) in the various biological fluids: serum, 2.04 (0.20) mmol/litre; urine, 176.5 (25.6) μmol/litre; cerebrospinal fluid, 95.0 (26.9) μmol/litre; aqueous humour oculi, 61.25 (9.9) μmol/litre; saliva, 838.5 (48.2) μmol/litre; tears, 247.0 (17.0) μmol/litre; ascites fluid, 270.0 (63.3) μmol/litre; kidney cyst fluid, 387.1 (28.1) μmol/litre. Small samples of the biological material were needed for the analyses: 10 μl of serum and 50–100 μl of other body fluids. In the sera of 48 healthy individuals there was a significant positive correlation between values obtained with the Randox method (as a reference method) and the new method proposed here (correlation coefficient, 0.8728; mean difference between methods, <0.4%).

Conclusions—This method is easy, rapid, reliable, and practical for the routine measurement of total antioxidant activity in serum and other human body fluids. Small samples of biological material are needed for the analyses and the results are comparable with the reference (Randox) method.