Aberrant epithelial expression of trefoil family factor 2 and mucin 6 in Helicobacter pylori infected gastric antrum, incisura, and body and its association with antralisation
- 1Department of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, SAR China
- 2Department of Pathology, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
- 3Histopathology Unit, Cancer Research UK, London WC2A 3PX, UK
- Correspondence to: Dr B C-Y Wong University Department of Medicine, Queen Mary Hospital, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong;
- Accepted 11 February 2004
Aims: To determine gastric expression of trefoil family factor 2 (TFF2) and MUC6 in Helicobacter pylori positive and negative subjects, and its association with antralisation at the gastric incisura.
Methods: Gastric biopsies from the antrum, incisura, and body of 76 dyspeptic patients without ulcers were used for the determination of H pylori infection, histological changes, and epithelial TFF2 and MUC6 expression.
Results: In the foveola, the rates of TFF2 and MUC6 immunostaining were greater in H pylori infected (n = 27) than in uninfected patients (n = 49) at the antrum (59.3% v 4.1% for TFF2 and 63.0% v 4.1% for MUC6; both p < 0.001) and incisura (44.4% v 2.0% for TFF2 and 48.1% v 0% for MUC6; both p < 0.001). In the deeper glands, the rates were also greater in H pylori infected than in uninfected patients at the incisura (85.2% v 22.4% for both TFF2 and MUC6; p < 0.001). Antral-type mucosa was present at the incisura in 28 of the 76 patients. TFF2 and MUC6 expression in the foveola and deeper glands was significantly associated with antral-type mucosa, independent of H pylori status.
Conclusions:Helicobacter pylori infection increases the expression of TFF2 and MUC6 in the gastric epithelium. Aberrant TFF2 and MUC6 expression is associated with antralisation of gastric incisura.
- CI, confidence interval
- OR, odds ratio
- SPEM, spasmolytic polypeptide expressing metaplastia
- TFF, trefoil family factor
The first two authors contributed equally to this work