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Epithelial cyst of the cardiac papillary muscle: case report and review of the literature
  1. E J Soilleux,
  2. D R Davies
  1. Department of Histopathology, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, UK
  1. Correspondence to:
    E J Soilleux
    Department of Clinical Laboratory Science, Level 1, Academic Block, John Radcliffe Hospital, Headley Way, Headington, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK; elizabeth.soilleux{at}orh.nhs.uk

Abstract

Background: Reports of endodermal heterotopia (previously known as inclusion cysts) in cardiac atria are rare and there is only a single previous case report of endodermal heterotopia in a cardiac papillary muscle.

Aim and methods: A cyst in a cardiac papillary muscle was identified during the autopsy of an 87-year-old man who had died from an unrelated myocardial infarction. The cyst was examined histologically and mucin staining and immunostaining were carried out.

Results: We report a unilocular cyst in a cardiac papillary muscle, which is lined by low cuboidal, pseudostratified and occasionally ciliated respiratory-type epithelium, surrounded by a layer of smooth muscle. The immunohistochemical features (MNF116+, cytokeratin (CK)7+, CK8+, CK18+, CK19+, epithelial membrane antigen positive, scattered cells positive for neuroendocrine markers) suggest that this is an endodermal heterotopia. Immunostaining of positive thyroid transcription factor-1 provides evidence for bronchogenic differentiation.

Discussion: The differential diagnoses of cystic structures in cardiac papillary muscle and the origin and importance of endodermal heterotopias are discussed.

  • TTF, thyroid transcription factor

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Footnotes

  • Competing interests: None declared.

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