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Intraoperative assessment of the Whipple resection specimen
  1. Mahmoud A Khalifa
  1. Department of Pathology, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Center, Toronto, Canada
  1. Correspondence to:
    Dr Mahmoud A Khalifa
    Department of Pathology, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Center, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Room E-400, Toronto, Ontario M4N 3M5, Canada; Mahmoud.Khalifa{at}sunnybrook.ca

Abstract

Intraoperative consultation for the Whipple resection procedure has evolved due to the increasing influence of imaging techniques in surgical planning and decision-making. The indications and utilisation of this service vary, at least to some degree, from one institution to the other. The following discussion is a single institutional approach, which is hoped to provide assistance to the practising pathologists in this field. Special emphasis is given to the relevant anatomical considerations and the most common indications for an intraoperative consultation.

  • intraoperative consultation
  • frozen section in whipple
  • whipple procedure
  • pancreatic cancer surgery

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Footnotes

  • Published Online First 16 March 2007

  • Competing interests: None declared.

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