Aim Previous studies showed that CD200 expression is a prognostic factor for plasma cell myeloma (PCM), but the prognostic effect is conflicting between studies. We studied CD200 protein expression and the stability of expression in PCM to clarify its potential utility in diagnosis, prognosis and monitoring of disease.
Method CD200 expression was studied in 77 cases of PCM by immunohistochemistry on paraffin sections from decalcified bone marrow biopsies.
Result There were 16 newly diagnosed cases and 61 post-treatment cases from 54 patients: 37 men and 17 women, with a median age of 62 years (range, 41–88 years). CD200 demonstrated moderate to strong membrane expression in positive cases. Fifty-six of 77 cases (73%) showed CD200 expression. Twenty of the 22 (91%) patients with serial specimens demonstrated stable CD200 expression (n=15) or lack of CD200 expression (n=5). One patient lost CD200 expression, while another one gained CD200 expression during treatment. The clinical, pathologic and cytogenetic features between the CD200+ group and the CD200− group were similar in most instances. However, CD200 expression was associated with lower serum β2-microglobulin (p=0.03). There was no significant difference in overall survival and progression-free survival between the CD200+ and CD200− patients (p>0.05).
Conclusions CD200 is expressed in a majority of PCM cases, and the expression is stable during the treatment process. Therefore, immunohistochemical expression of CD200 is a useful marker for the diagnosis and follow-up of PCM.