Aim: The investigation of human papillomavirus (HPV) physical status in pre-invasive cervical lesions has been restricted by the small amounts of tissues available for study. Multiple Displacement Amplification (MDA), a phi29 DNA polymerase based whole genome amplification technique, has the potential to help resolve this problem by yielding large amounts of high molecular weight DNA from tiny starting quantities.
Methods: Firstly, a comparison was made of restriction endonuclease fragment patterns of DNA from six different HPV types and corresponding MDA products. Secondly, E6/E7 and LCR sequencing data from HPV16 recombinant plasmid and MDA copy DNA were correlated. Thirdly, DNA and MDA products from cervical cell lines (CaSki, HeLa, and SiHa that contain integrated HPV) and an invasive cervical carcinoma were analyzed by Southern blot hybridization. Fourthly, MDA product from CaSki cell DNA mixed with HPV18-plasmid DNA was tested for the demonstration of both episomal and integrated HPV. Finally, MDA products from HPV16 positive abnormal cervical cytological samples were assayed for integration by Southern blot hybridization.
Results: DNA templates and MDA products yielded analogous data. Episomal and integrated HPV DNA were successfully detected by Southern blot assay of the cell line/HPV-plasmid model, and in MDA products of clinical samples.
Conclusions: These data demonstrate that MDA has considerable potential to assist in the investigation of HPV physical status; abundant (>40µg) DNA can be generated with high fidelity from minuscule (50ng) starting quantities, and both episomal and integrated HPV DNA are distinguishable in MDA products from solid tumors and cytological materials.
- cervical cancer
- human papillomavirus (HPV)
- multiple displacement amplification
- whole genome amplification
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