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My approach to the morphological diagnosis of the urothelial neoplasms
  1. Rodolfo Montironi (r.montironi{at}univpm.it)
  1. Polytechnic University of the Marche Region (Ancona), School of Medicine, Italy
    1. Roberta Mazzucchelli (r.mazzucchelli{at}univpm.it)
    1. Polytechnic University of the Marche Region (Ancona), School of Medicine, Italy
      1. Antonio Lopez-Beltran (em1lobea{at}uco.es)
      1. Cordoba University Medical School, Spain
        1. Liang Cheng (liang_cheng{at}yahoo.com)
        1. Indiana University School of Medicine, United States
          1. Marina Scarpelli (m.scarpelli{at}univpm.it)
          1. Polytechnic University of the Marche Region (Ancona), School of Medicine, Italy

            Abstract

            We report here our approach to the morphological classification and diagnosis of the bladder neoplasms with specific focus on histological typing, grading and staging. Four diagnostic categories are described on the basis of the pattern of growth of the urothelial lesions and tumours (flat, exophytic or papillary, endophytic, and invasive). The WHO 2004 classification is presently used. However, the WHO 1973 classification is still considered by many urologists and oncologists as the international standard in patient's management.

            • Bladder cancer
            • Bladder cancer diagnosis
            • Bladder cancer prognosis
            • Bladder neoplasms

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