Aims Primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of bone (PLB) is a rare subtype of primary extranodal diffuse large B cell lymphoma. PLB has morphological homogeneity and a relatively favourable clinical behaviour. Recent studies report that array-based comparative genomic hybridisation (array-CGH) analysis can be used to classify lymphomas into clinically and biologically relevant phenotypes and possibly reveal differences in oncogenic mechanisms. Here the authors performed the first array-CGH study to detect illness related genomic alterations in nine, clinically well-staged primary lymphoma of bone cases.
Methods Nine frozen samples from primary lymphoma of bone patients were immunophenotyped and subsequently investigated using a well-established array-CGH platform. The array-CGH results were confirmed by fluorescence in situ hybridisation. Clinical data and follow-up were obtained for all nine patients.
Results Of the nine patients, eight reached complete remission, and one had progressive disease and died of primary lymphoma of bone. Frequent aberrations were: loss of 14q32 (n=7), trisomy 7 (n=6), gain of the long arm of chromosome 1 (n=5) and amplification of 2p16.1 (n=4). No statistically significant correlation between genetic abnormalities and clinical outcome was found.
Conclusions The authors found several recurrent genomic aberrations, including five cases with gain of 1q and four cases with 2p16.1 amplification. These findings are associated with a germinal centre-like phenotype and favourable treatment outcome, and differ from chromosomal aberrations found in other extranodal lymphomas. These findings further substantiate the notion that primary lymphoma of bone should be considered as a distinct entity not only on clinic-pathological grounds but also on the genomic level as well.
- comparative genomic hybridisation
- non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
- bone tumours
- micro array
- molecular pathology
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Competing interests None.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.