Aims DOG1 is a recently described marker of gastrointestinal stromal tumour (GIST) which is considered to be extremely sensitive and, among mesenchymal neoplasms, quite specific for this tumour type. Following the identification of DOG1 immunoreactivity in a uterine leiomyosarcoma, we wished to ascertain how prevalent DOG1 immunoreactivity was in this tumour type.
Methods We stained a series of uterine leiomyosarcomas (n=26) with DOG1 and with CD117 (c-kit), another marker of GIST. Staining with both markers was classified as negative, focal (<50% tumour cells positive) or diffuse (≥50% tumour cells positive).
Results DOG1 immunoreactivity was present in seven of 26 (27%) leiomyosarcomas. Staining was focal in five cases and diffuse in two. CD117 was positive in three of 26 (11.5%) cases, two focal and one diffuse. Two cases were positive with DOG1 and CD117. One of five uterine leiomyomas was focally positive with DOG1, and one extrauterine pelvic leiomyoma was diffusely positive with this marker.
Conclusions Since GISTs have rarely been described as primary uterine neoplasms, the presence of DOG1 immunoreactivity in a uterine leiomyosarcoma may result in diagnostic confusion, and a panel of markers is necessary for diagnosis. Uterine leiomyosarcomas should be added to the list of mesenchymal neoplasms which may be DOG1 positive.