The importance of monitoring post haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (hSCT) chimerism has been defined in numerous publications. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are molecular markers that vary significantly among different populations. Allied to a very sensible technique, SNP assays seem to be very sensitive (0.001%) when post hSCT chimerism is measured. However, well known SNP frequencies are limited to certain populations, mainly in countries where there is a high level of diversity in its population, therefore restricting their use worldwide. Amplification by SYBR green based quantitative real time PCR of eight pairs of allele-specific SNPs (MLH-1, PECAM-1, ICAM-1, SUR-1, HA-1, rs715405, rs713503, rs2296600) was conducted in 88 patient/donor pairs, who underwent allogeneic myeloablative or non-myeloablative hSCT. One informative allele was detected in at least 42% (n=37) of the samples; 20% (n=18) had at least two informative alleles; 10% (n=9) had at least three informative alleles; 9% (n=8) had more than three informative alleles and 18% (n=16) showed no informative allele at all. Overall, the frequency of informative alleles for these SNPs in the Brazilian population was very low. Consequently, the amount of information attained reached 9% of those expected, being able to discriminate only eight pairs of donor/recipient samples with more than three informative alleles, making them useless for the quantification of chimerism in our routine.
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