Background and aims Transcription factors of the forkhead box P (FOXP1-4) family have been implicated in various human cancer types before. The relevance and role of neuronal transcription factor FOXP2 in prostate cancer is unknown.
Methods A tissue microarray containing samples from more than 11 000 prostate cancers from radical prostatectomy specimens with clinical follow-up data was analysed for FOXP2 expression by immunohistochemistry. FOXP2 data were also compared with pre-existing ERG fusion (by fluorescence in situ hybridisation and immunohistochemistry) and cell proliferation (Ki67 labelling index) data.
Results There was a moderate to strong FOXP2 protein expression in basal and secretory cells of normal prostatic glands. As compared with normal cells, FOXP2 expression was lost or reduced in 25% of cancers. Strong FOXP2 expression was linked to advanced tumour stage, high Gleason score, presence of lymph node metastases and early tumour recurrence (p<0.0001; each) in ERG fusion-negative, but not in ERG fusion-positive cancers. High FOXP2 expression was linked to high Ki67 labelling index (p<0.0001) in all cancers irrespective of ERG fusion status.
Conclusions These data demonstrate that similar high FOXP2 protein levels as in normal prostate epithelium exert a ‘paradoxical’ oncogenic role in ‘non fusion-type’ prostate cancer. It may be speculated that interaction of FOXP2 with members of pathways that are specifically activated in ‘non fusion-type’ cancers may be responsible for this phenomenon.
- Cancer Research
- Tumour Markers
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.