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Importance of carcinoma-associated fibroblast-derived proteins in clinical oncology
  1. Gabor Valcz1,
  2. Ferenc Sipos2,
  3. Zsolt Tulassay3,
  4. Bela Molnar3,
  5. Yukako Yagi1
  1. 1Department of Pathology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
  2. 22nd Department of Internal Medicine, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary
  3. 3Molecular Medicine Research Unit, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary
  1. Correspondence to Gabor Valcz, 2nd Department of Internal Medicine, Szentkirályi u. 46, Budapest H-1088,  Hungary; valczg{at}yahoo.com

Abstract

Carcinoma-associated fibroblast (CAF) as prominent cell type of the tumour microenvironment has complex interaction with both the cancer cells and other non-neoplastic surrounding cells. The CAF-derived regulators and extracellular matrix proteins can support cancer progression by providing a protective microenvironment for the cancer cells via reduction of chemotherapy sensitivity. On the other hand, these proteins may act as powerful prognostic markers as well as potential targets of anticancer therapy. In this review, we summarise the clinical importance of the major CAF-derived signals influencing tumour behaviour and determining the outcome of chemotherapy.

  • CANCER RESEARCH
  • CHEMOTHERAPY
  • DIAGNOSIS

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