Background Laryngeal verrucous squamous cell carcinoma (VSCC) is a highly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), the diagnosis of which can meet with many pitfalls: benign hyperplastic lesions and conventional SCC are the most important differential diagnoses. The microRNA miR-19a is overexpressed in many solid tumours and regulates the suppressor of cytokine signalling-1 (SOCS-1) expression.
Aims The main endpoints were to assess miR-19a and SOCS-1 expression in glottic VSCC, and the former's potential role in differentiating between glottic VSCC, conventional SCC and hyperplastic lesions.
Methods The expression of MiR-19a (by reverse transcription and quantitative real-time PCR) and SOCS-1 (by immunohistochemistry, rabbit polyclonal anti-SOCS-1 antibody) was assessed in 11 consecutive cases of glottic VSCC, 20 of papillary hyperplasia and 42 cases of conventional SCC.
Results Mean miR-19a expression was significantly higher (p=0.000) in malignant glottic lesions (conventional SCC/VSCC) than in benign conditions. Significant differences in mean miR-19a expression also emerged between conventional SCC and papillary hyperplasia (p=0.000), and between conventional SCC and VSCC (p=0.03). miR-19a expression was not statistically associated with SOCS-1 immunoreactivity or immunostaining intensity in VSCC, conventional SCC or papillary hyperplasia.
Conclusions Our preliminary outcomes suggest the utility of miR-19a in the challenging differential diagnosis of laryngeal VSCC. Although miR-19a has been found to regulate SOCS-1 expression, this evidence was not confirmed by this investigation.
- LARYNGEAL CANCER
- TUMOUR MARKERS