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Cancer genes mutation profiling in calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumour

Abstract

Aims To identify calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumour (CEOT) mutations in oncogenes and tumour suppressor genes.

Methods A panel of 50 genes commonly mutated in cancer was sequenced in CEOT by next-generation sequencing. Sanger sequencing was used to cover the region of the frameshift deletion identified in one sample.

Results Missense single nucleotide variants (SNVs) with minor allele frequency (MAF) <1% were detected in PTEN, MET and JAK3. A frameshift deletion in CDKN2A occurred in association with a missense mutation in the same gene region, suggesting a second hit in the inactivation of this gene. APC, KDR, KIT, PIK3CA and TP53 missense SNVs were identified; however, these are common SNVs, showing MAF >1%.

Conclusion CEOT harbours mutations in the tumour suppressor PTEN and CDKN2A and in the oncogenes JAK3 and MET. As these mutations occurred in only one case each, they are probably not driver mutations for these tumours.

  • calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor
  • neoplasms
  • genetics
  • molecular pathology
  • oral pathology

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