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The microdetermination of biological copper with oxalyldihydrazide
  1. R. N. Beale,
  2. D. Croft
  1. Institute of Clinical Pathology, Sydney, Australia
  2. Medical Research, Department of Public Health, Sydney, Australia


    Methods are described for the determination of microgram quantities of biological copper in aqueous medium as the intensely coloured oxalyldihydrazide-acetaldehyde complex (molar extinction coefficient 23,000 to 23,500).

    The methods are applicable on a routine basis to any biological material, in particular to serum, urine, or tissues, such as liver, brain, or kidney. In the case of urine a simple semi-quantitative screening method is also described. For quantitative work copper is liberated from serum by acid extraction and protein precipitation, and from urine and tissues by a rapid wet-ashing procedure. Recoveries of added copper from urine are quantitative. Precision is high although day-to-day control with standards and blanks is desirable. The methods are applied in an investigation of the diurnal variations in a normal man and in two cases of Wilson's disease.

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