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Jejunal mucosal morphometry in children with and without gut symptoms and in normal adults.
  1. F J Penna,
  2. I D Hill,
  3. D Kingston,
  4. K Robertson,
  5. G Slavin,
  6. M Shiner


    Nineteen diagnostic peroral biopsy specimens from 18 children without diarrhoea, vomiting, or abdominal pain ('control' children) were compared with those taken from 23 children with diarrhoea of varying aetiology to establish the morphometric characteristics of jejunal mucosa in childhood. Comparison was also made with normal jejunal mucosa from adults. Statistical analysis of each characteristic individually showed no significant difference between the 'control' children and those with diarrhoea, but there were significant differences between the mucosae of 'control' children and those of adults; the villi tended to be shorter and the crypts longer in children. Thirty-seven per cent of specimens from the 'control' children showed a partial villous atrophy, that is, they were abnormal by adult criteria. Discriminant analysis of the features measured showed effective separation of the following groups: normal histology from partial villous atrophy in children, healthy adults from 'control' children, and normal histology in adults from normal histology in children.

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