Fifteen cases of large-cell lymphoma, diagnosed as centroblastic (5), B-immunoblastic (5) or true histiocytic (5). lymphoma and one case of malignant histiocytosis were studied with monoclonal antibodies. Each diagnosis was based on morphological as well as marker studies. A panel of monoclonal and heterologous antibodies against T lymphocyte differentiation antigens (Leul, Leu2a, Leu3a, OKT4, OKT8, TA1), B lymphocyte subsets (BA1, BA2, HLA-DR, alpha C3b receptor antiserum, surface immunoglobulins), the common acute lymphoblastic leukaemia antigen (CALLA), monocytes/macrophages (OKM1, anti-human monocyte 1, TA1, Mac1, HLA-DR, anti-C3b receptor), myeloid cells (VIM-D5, elastase, OKM1) and the cells of the Langerhans cell/interdigitating reticulum cell series (OKT6, NA1/34). The results show a specific staining pattern for true histiocytic lymphoma (histiocytic sarcoma). Centroblastic and B-immunoblastic lymphomas showed gradual differences with mostly strong staining for HLA-DR and weak with anti C3b receptor for B-immunoblastic lymphomas in contrast to centroblastic lymphomas. Staining with BA1 and BA2 indicated immunological heterogeneity in these lymphomas. The number of admixed cells was usually low with few B cells and a shift in the ratio helper/inducer to suppressor/cytotoxic T cells in favour of the suppressor/cytotoxic subset.
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