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Carriage of Candida species and C albicans biotypes in patients undergoing chemotherapy or bone marrow transplantation for haematological disease.
  1. F C Odds,
  2. C C Kibbler,
  3. E Walker,
  4. A Bhamra,
  5. H G Prentice,
  6. P Noone
  1. Department of Microbiology, University of Leicester, London.


    Six hundred and seventy four yeast isolates obtained from routine microbiological screening of 153 patients with haematological disease were identified and Candida albicans isolates biotyped over nine months to determine longitudinal and cross sectional patterns of yeast colonisation. A yeast microflora persisted in many patients despite the routine prophylactic use of oral antifungal agents. Analysis of the yeast species isolated on a cross sectional basis showed that C albicans accounted for 65% of yeasts isolated from the oral cavity but only 45% of the faecal yeast flora. Longitudinal changes in yeast flora occurred significantly more often in faecal samples than in oral samples and significantly less often in sites colonised with C albicans than in sites colonised with other species. No associations were found between the yeasts isolated and the nature of antifungal prophylaxis used, or the extent of a patient's stay in hospital.

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