AIMS--To determine the sensitivity of commercially available diagnostic assays for Chlamydia trachomatis using a simple method. METHODS--Nine commercial assays and an "in-house" polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were evaluated using serial dilutions of a laboratory grown H serovar--four of them using a laboratory grown E serovar. Seven of the assays were further tested using dilutions of several cervical samples known to contain chlamydiae. RESULTS--The most sensitive assays were the MicroTrak direct fluorescent antibody (DFA) test (Syva) and the PCR which detected C trachomatis at a 10(-8) dilution of the H serovar, while the two least sensitive, Clearview (Unipath) and TestPack (Abbott), were positive only at 10(-4) and 10(-3) dilutions, respectively. A range of enzyme immunoassays (EIAs) and a nucleic acid hybridisation test were of intermediate sensitivity. The results with serovar E were consistent with these. When clinical samples were examined, the DFA test detected C trachomatis in dilutions at least 10-fold greater than any other assay. CONCLUSIONS--The range of sensitivity of diagnostic assays determined by the laboratory dilution procedure is very wide. Sensitivity assessed in this way, however, reflects the ability of the assays to detect C trachomatis in large scale clinical trials. The dilution procedure, which is simple to undertake, could therefore be applied by any laboratory before a new diagnostic method is considered for routine use.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.