AIMS--To investigate whether the absorbance index of IgG and IgA antibodies against Helicobacter pylori is related to a semiquantitative assessment of the density of H pylori colonisation in gastric biopsy specimens and to the severity of gastritis. METHODS--The grade of gastritis was scored separately for antral and fundic mucosa using three different classifications. Serum IgA and IgG antibodies against H pylori were measured by ELISA. The density of gastric H pylori colonisation was graded semiquantitatively from 0 to 3. RESULTS--Among 48 healthy volunteers studied, 17 were found to have gastritis according to Whitehead's criteria. H pylori was present in the biopsy specimens of 14 of 17 subjects with gastritis. The IgG H pylori antibody absorbance index was significantly (p < 0.05) correlated not only with the density of antral H pylori colonisation, but also with the degree of gastritis of the antrum, as assessed by the Whitehead score, activity, and the Sydney system (p < 0.05). The IgA H pylori antibody absorbance index was significantly correlated with the Whitehead score and Sydney system, but not with the activity score of the antrum or with the density of antral gastric H pylori infection. There were no significant correlations between the IgG H pylori antibody absorbance index and the gastritis scores of the fundus mucosa and the density of H pylori infection of the gastric body. The IgA H pylori antibody absorbance index was only significantly (p < 0.05) correlated with the density of H pylori colonisation and the Sydney system gastritis score of the corpus. CONCLUSIONS--The serological absorbance index of IgG antibodies against H pylori is related to the severity of antral gastritis and the density of antral H pylori colonisation. Thus a high absorbance index of IgG antibodies against H pylori points to severe antral gastritis and dense H pylori colonisation of the antrum.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.