Article Text

Download PDFPDF

Hyperfibrinolysis in hepatosplenic schistosomiasis.
  1. N E el-Bassiouni,
  2. A E el Bassiouny,
  3. H R el-Khayat,
  4. M M Akl,
  5. S A Omran
  1. Department of Haematology, Theodor Bilharz Research Institute, Imbaba, Giza, Egypt.


    AIM: To evaluate the nature of accelerated fibrinolysis in hepatosplenic schistosomiasis. METHODS: The biological activity of plasminogen (Plg), plasminogen activators (PA), alpha 2-antiplasmin (alpha 2-AP) and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) was determined by photometric analysis in 15 compensated and 35 decompensated patients with endemic Egyptian hepatosplenomegaly. Quantitative measurement of plasma concentrations of tissue t-PA, t-PA-PAI-1 complex, alpha 2-antiplasmin-plasmin complex (alpha 2-APP), fibrinogen degradation products (FbDP), D-dimers (D-D), thrombin-antithrombin complex (TAT) and prothrombin fragment (F 1 + 2) complexes, using double antibody sandwich enzyme linked immunosorbent assays and grading of the degree of hepatic insufficiency according to the Child-Pugh classification, were also carried out. RESULTS: The progressive deterioration of liver function in schistosomal patients, which matched the severity of the disease, led to simultaneous defects in profibrinolytic (decreased Plg and increased PA and t-PA) and antifibrinolytic (decreased alpha 2-AP and PAI-1) factors-the latter defects being the most prominent-resulting in significant generation of plasmin (increased APP complexes) and therefore enhanced fibrinolysis (increased FbDP and D-dimer). The raised concentrations of FbDP, D-D, TAT and F 1 + 2 established its secondary nature. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that the amount of PAI-1 available to bind and neutralise circulating t-PA may be a critical factor in the progress of hyperfibrinolysis observed in hepatosplenic schistosomiasis, and that the pronounced reduction in its plasma concentration may be regarded as a potential warning indicator of haemostatic imbalance in decompensated schistosomal patients at high risk of variceal bleeding.

    Statistics from

    Request Permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.