AIMS: To investigate the relation between localised amyloidosis and immunocytic dyscrasia. METHODS: Open lung biopsy specimens from a 72 year old man with multiple nodules in the right middle and lower lung were stained with haematoxylin-eosin, Congo red, and antibodies against IgG, IgA, IgM, and kappa and lambda light chains. Semi-nested PCR amplification for the immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) gene was performed using consensus primers for the VDJ region of the IgH gene, FR3A, LJH, and VLJH. RESULTS: The biopsy specimens contained eosinophilic amorphous material stained with Congro red and anti-kappa light chain, and surrounded by inflammatory cells intermingled with plasma cells. Plasma cells in the adjacent amorphous material showed cytoplasmic staining with anti-kappa. Polymerase chain reaction revealed a discrete amplified band of apparently uniform size with background smear. CONCLUSIONS: Primary AL type localised amyloidosis involves local accumulation of monoclonal plasma cells and their secreted products, as in nodular cutaneous amyloidosis. Localised AL type nodular amyloidosis is a separate entity in amyloidosis.
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