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A clinicopathological study of 152 surgically treated primary gastric lymphomas with survival analysis of 109 high grade tumours
  1. R Ranaldi,
  2. G Goteri,
  3. M G Baccarini,
  4. B Mannello,
  5. I Bearzi
  1. Department of Pathology, University of Ancona School of Medicine, 60020 Torrette di Ancona, Italy
  1. Correspondence to:
 Dr I Bearzi, Istituto di Anatomia Patologica, Ospedale Nuovo Regionale, 60020 Torrette di Ancona, Italy;


Aims: To describe the clinicopathological features of a large number of surgically treated and followed up primary gastric lymphomas and thereby gain a better understanding of their biology, with particular reference to the prognostic factors of high grade tumours.

Methods: A retrospective study of 152 patients.

Results: High grade gastric lymphomas, both pure and with a residual low grade component, differed from low grade mucosa associated lymphoid tissue (MALT)-type lymphomas in that they were more frequently large, ulcerated, at an advanced stage, and highly proliferating. In addition, patients were older and had a worse outcome. The prognosis of high grade lymphomas was influenced by patient age, tumour stage, depth of infiltration in the gastric wall, and the invasion of adjacent organs. Adjuvant postsurgical treatment prolonged survival only in patients with advanced stage and deep neoplastic infiltration.

Conclusions: There is a sharp distinction between low grade MALT-type lymphomas and tumours with a high grade component, justifying their different treatment approach. The postsurgical management of high grade lymphomas should be based on the accurate evaluation of the neoplastic extension.

  • stomach
  • lymphoma
  • mucosa associated lymphoid tissue
  • survival
  • DLCL, diffuse large cell lymphoma
  • LG, low grade marginal zone derived MALT-type lymphoma
  • LG + HG, low grade mixed with variable proportions of confluent sheets of blastic cells outside the follicles
  • MALT, mucosa associated lymphoid tissue

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