A male patient with a 17 year history of intractable ulcerative colitis of the entire type was treated by total proctocolectomy. Colonoscopy before surgery did not identify dysplasia. Histological examination of the resected colorectum revealed that, in addition to chronic inflammatory infiltrates, there were 21 areas of microcarcinoids located in the muscularis propria and in the superficial layer of the submucosa. Carcinoids may be more common than previously thought, and they may be a reactive phenomenon to a variety of factors in ulcerative colitis.
- ulcerative colitis
- IBD, inflammatory bowel disease
- UC, ulcerative colitis
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