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Transition of Sézary syndrome into mycosis fungoides after complete clinical and molecular remission under extracorporeal photophoresis
  1. C Assaf1,
  2. M Hummel2,
  3. M Zemlin3,
  4. M Steinhoff1,
  5. C C Geilen1,
  6. H Stein2,
  7. C E Orfanos1
  1. 1Department of Dermatology, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Fabeckstrasse 60-62, 14195 Berlin, Germany
  2. 2Institute of Pathology, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin
  3. 3Department of Neonatology and Neuropediatrics, Philipps University, Deutschhausstr. 12, 35037 Marburg, Germany
  1. Correspondence to:
    Dr C Assaf
    Department of Dermatology, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Fabeckstrasse 60-62, 14195 Berlin, Germany; chalid.assafcharite.de

Abstract

Mycosis fungoides (MF) and Sézary syndrome (SS) are the most common clinical variants of cutaneous T cell lymphoma. Although thought to be closely related to mature T helper cells, the relation between the neoplastic cells in MF and SS is still not fully clarified. This report describes a patient with complete remission of SS under treatment with extracorporeal photophoresis (ECP), who subsequently developed typical plaques of MF and large cell lymphoma (LCL). Serial polymerase chain reaction analyses confirmed identical T cell receptor β and γ gene rearrangements in SS, MF, and LCL, and complete disappearance of the circulating malignant T cell clone from the peripheral blood after ECP. These findings indicate that the neoplastic cells in SS, MF, and LCL are derived from a common precursor T cell, despite the change in clinical phenotype.

  • CTCL, cutaneous T cell lymphoma
  • ECP, extracorporeal photophoresis
  • LCL, large cell lymphoma
  • MF, mycosis fungoides
  • PCR, polymerase chain reaction
  • SS, Sézary syndrome
  • TCR, T cell receptor
  • Th, T helper cell
  • cutaneous T cell lymphoma
  • mycosis fungoides
  • Sézary syndrome
  • T cell
  • receptor rearrangement
  • extracorporeal photophoresis

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