Background: CDC25B is a cell-cycle regulatory protein, which is considered to be related to tumorigenesis and progression of tumours.
Aims: To elucidate the role of CDC25B in glioma, the expression of CDC25B and the association of the CDC25B expression with the clinicopathological parameters were investigated.
Methods: Fifty seven gliomas, which included 21 low-grade astrocytomas, 17 anaplastic astrocytomas and 19 glioblastomas, were studied. Protein expressions of CDC25B were evaluated by immunohistochemical methods. Semiquantitative and real-time RT-PCR analyses for the expression of CDC25B mRNA were also carried out. Disease-free survival (DFS) data were analysed by using the Kaplan–Meier method.
Results: High expression of CDC25B was identified in 18 of the 19 glioblastomas, in 10 of the 17 anaplastic astrocytomas, but not in any of the 21 low-grade astrocytomas. The CDC25B mRNA expression increased with the rise in histological grade. Increased CDC25B expression was correlated significantly with a shorter period of DFS, as shown by multivariate analysis.
Conclusions: Patients with an unfavourable clinical outcome are characterised by the increased expression of CDC25B in their glioma samples. Useful clinical information, especially on its relevance as a prognostic indicator, is provided by the evaluation of CDC25B expression in gliomas.
- DFS, disease-free survival
- GAPDH, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase
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