Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Aortic stenosis in cardiovascular ochronosis


Alkaptonuria (endogenous ochronosis) is a rare metabolic disorder caused by a deficiency of homogentisic acid oxidase, an enzyme responsible for the metabolic degradation of tyrosine. Patients with alkaptonuria commonly present with joint pain owing to degenerative arthritis. Other affected patients may present with pigmentation of the ear cartilage and sclera. This article reports a case of aortic stenosis associated with ochronosis in a 48-year-old man who presented with severe cardiac failure. He had no previous diagnosis of alkaptonuria, which was confirmed by mass spectrometry analysis of urine. The pathogenesis of cardiovascular ochronosis is unclear, but is probably related to the extensive extracellular deposits of ochronotic pigment in the cardiac tissue.

  • LAD, left anterior descending artery

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.