Background: The relationship between tumefactive lesions classified as sclerosing mesenteritis and IgG4-related sclerosing disorders (eg, lymphoplasmacytic sclerosing pancreatitis/autoimmune pancreatitis) remains uncertain.
Aims: To review lesions coded as “sclerosing mesenteritis” for findings in keeping with IgG4-related sclerosing disorders.
Methods: Inclusion in the study required available paraffin blocks for IgG4 staining and documentation of a mass lesion.
Results: A total of nine mesenteric lesions (3–14 cm) were identified in 6 male and 3 female patients. On H&E-stained sections, all were characterised as loosely marginated fibroinflammatory processes with variable amounts of fat necrosis. Lymphocytic venulitis/phlebitis was identified in 8 of 9 cases. IgG and IgG4 expression in lesional plasma cells was assessed by immunohistochemistry. IgG4-positive plasma cells were counted in the areas of greatest density in ⩾3 high power fields (HPFs). The highest number per HPF was recorded and a score assigned based on the following scale: <5/HPF, none/minimal; 5–10/HPF, mild; 11–30/HPF, moderate; >30/HPF, marked. The relative proportion of IgG4-reactive plasma cells to total IgG-positive plasma cells was assessed. IgG4-reactive plasma cells ranged from 0 to >100 in the most dense zones (3 cases, none/minimal; 4 cases, moderate; 2 cases, marked).
Conclusions: Although this study is limited by small numbers, findings suggest that some tumefactive lesions regarded as sclerosing mesenteritis may be a subset of IgG4-related sclerosing disorders.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.