Aims: To evaluate the combination of NucliSENS magnetic extraction and NucliSENS analytical specific reagents (bioMérieux, Marcy L’Etoile, France) for the detection of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) from a variety of respiratory samples.
Methods: Nucleic acids (NA) from paediatric samples (n = 603) and an RSV-specific inhibition control (R-IC) were coextracted using the miniMAG and/or the easyMAG. Nucleic-acid-sequence-based amplification (NASBA) and molecular beacon detection of RSV and R-IC were performed using NucliSENS analyte-specific reagents (NRSVA) and the NucliSENS EasyQ Analyzer. NRSVA results were compared with R-Mix culture and direct fluorescent antibody detection (DFA).
Results: The NRSVA analytical specificity was 100%, and the NRSVA limit of detection was 5–20 RNA copies/reaction. The prediscordant analysis, sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV were, respectively, for R-Mix (64.7%, 100%, 100%, 94.5%); DFA (98.8%, 99.0%, 94.4%, 99.8%); NRSVA (94.1%, 95%, 75.5%, 99%). After discordant analysis, sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV were, respectively, for R-Mix (56.7%, 100%, 100%, 92.3%); DFA (87.6%, 99.2%, 95.5%, 97.7%); NRSVA (93.8%, 97%, 85.9%, 99%). RSV was detected in 17.8% of the samples and in seven coinfections. Children with proven RSV infection, compared with children without a pathogen identified, had shorter median hospitalisation stays (2 days vs 3 days, p = 0.035), used fewer antibiotics (54% vs 69%) and had shorter durations of antibiotic therapy (6.2 days vs 9.3 days, p = 0.021), respectively.
Conclusions: NRSVA is sensitive and specific for RSV detection in respiratory samples. The R-IC monitored the test process, including NA extraction, target amplification and detection. The rapid detection of respiratory pathogens can foster appropriate patient management.
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Funding This study was funded in part by the Jane and Dayton Brown and Dayton Brown Jr Molecular Diagnostics Laboratory Research Fund.
Competing interests This study was funded in part by a research grant from bioMérieux, Marcy L’Etoile, France. CCG has served as a consultant for and has received honoraria from bioMérieux.
Ethics approval Ethics approval was provided by Biomedical Research Alliance, Manhasset, New York.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.