Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Cyclo-oxygenase-2 overexpression is a feature of early and well-differentiated hepatocellular carcinoma with a favourable prognosis

Abstract

Aims: To determine the prognostic relevance of cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and its relationship to important clinicopathological parameters.

Methods: A series of 196 patients with HCCs treated either by surgical resection (n = 106) or liver transplantation (n = 90) was investigated. Immunohistochemically confirmed COX-2 expression was correlated with a series of clinicopathologically relevant parameters as well as proliferative activity and apoptosis.

Results: Overexpression of COX-2 correlated statistically with high histological tumour differentiation (p<0.001) and early TNM stage (p = 0.003). COX-2 overexpression was associated with lower apoptotic rates (p = 0.001), whereas proliferation activity did not differ significantly. In addition, COX-2 overexpression showed a significant correlation with favourable overall survival (p<0.001). In multivariate survival analysis, COX-2 expression qualified as an independent prognostic parameter (p = 0.030).

Conclusions: Overexpression of COX-2 in HCC indicates early-stage cancer with less aggressive tumour behaviour and constitutes an independent prognostic factor.

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.