Cardiothoracic transplantation presents specific challenges. The lack of long-term replacement therapy (such as dialysis for kidney patients) creates a more urgent situation than for other forms of transplantation, necessitating a different approach. This review looks at ways in which the challenges are being met and the integral role of the histocompatibility and immunogenetics laboratory.
- heart transplantation
- lung transplantation
- virtual cross-match
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Competing interests None.
Provenance and peer review Commissioned; externally peer reviewed.