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Charcoal or chocolate: what captures the heart?
  1. G P Bijvoet1,
  2. M J Cramer1,
  3. R Uijlings2,
  4. J H Kirkels1,
  5. Marguerite E I Schipper3
  1. 1Department of Cardiology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
  2. 2Department of Cardiology, Deventer hospital, Deventer, The Netherlands
  3. 3Department of Pathology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
  1. Correspondence to Geertruida Petronella Bijvoet, Department of Cardiology, University Medical Center Utrecht, E.03.511, P.O. Box 85500, Utrecht 3508 GA, The Netherlands; m.g.p.bijvoet{at}

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When the pericardium is involved in an inflammatory process, the function as well as the macroscopic characteristics of the pericardium can become impaired. In general, classification of pericarditis is based on its aetiology and pathophysiology.1 However, it got to our attention that several authors use an alternative way to characterise different types of pericarditis, based on macroscopic resemblance to specific subjects. Thus, terms have arisen like ‘chocolate heart’ and ‘charcoal heart’. In this letter, we would like to underline the appropriateness of this etymology by sharing the postmortem radiographic image of a patient with a ‘porcelain heart’ as well as presenting other striking examples of pericardial abnormalities and the particular names that bind them.

The indicated patient was referred to our hospital with the suspicion of constrictive pericarditis. His medical history reported pericardial calcifications of unknown aetiology. Furthermore, there was a suspicion of asbestos exposure in occupational setting. Cardiac MRI showed decreased filling of the left …

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  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Patient information has been sufficiently anonymised.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data sharing statement The data in the current paper have not been shared with any other party.