Aims Interstitial CD45+ cells and T lymphocytes have previously been demonstrated within infantile haemangioma (IH). This study investigated the expression of B and T lymphocyte markers by the CD45+ population, and the expression of Thy-1, a marker of thymocyte progenitors, which have the ability to give rise to both B and T cells.
Methods Immunohistochemical (IHC) staining was performed on proliferating and involuted IHs for the expression of CD45, CD3, CD20, CD79a, Thy-1 and CD34. The presence of mRNA corresponding to CD45, CD3G, CD20 and Thy-1 was confirmed by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction in snap-frozen IH tissues. Cell counting of 3,3-diaminobenzidine IHC-stained slides was performed on CD45+ only cells and dually stained CD45+/CD3+ cells or CD45+/CD20+ cells and analysed statistically. In situ hybridisation and mass spectrometry were also performed to confirm the presence and abundance of Thy-1, respectively.
Results IHC staining showed a subpopulation of CD45+ interstitial cells that expressed the T lymphocyte marker, CD3, and another subpopulation that expressed the B lymphocyte marker, CD20, in proliferating and diminished in involuted IHs. The abundant expression of Thy-1 on the endothelium of proliferating, but not involuted IH, was demonstrated by IHC staining and confirmed by in situ hybridisation and mass spectrometry.
Conclusions Both B and T lymphocytes are present within the interstitium of proliferating and involuted IH. The expression of Thy-1 by the endothelium suggests that B and T cells in IH may have originated from within the lesion, rather than migrating from the peripheral circulation.
- VASCULAR TUMOURS
- PAEDIATRIC PATHOLOGY
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.