Statistics from Altmetric.com
Eosinophilia is a rare, recurrent finding in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). The classic cases include core-binding factor AMLs with chromosome 16 abnormalities and AMLs with rearrangements of the platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) receptor A and B genes (PDGFRA and PDGFRB) and the fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 gene (FGFR1). AML with t(6;9)(p23;q24) is a rare entity (0.7%–1.8% of all AMLs), characterised by multilineage dysplasia, basophilia and an unfavourable prognosis.1–3 This cytogenetic alteration leads to the formation of the DEK-NUP214 hybrid protein, and usually presents as a single abnormality, but it can also be associated with a complex karyotype.4 There are currently no descriptions of eosinophilia associated with DEK-NUP214+ AML.
We report the case of a 16-year-old male patient who presented with generalised cutaneous pruritus and fever, associated with peripheral blood eosinophilia (absolute count 7830 cells/μL) in August 2010. After ruling out common causes of secondary eosinophilia, the patient was submitted to bone marrow aspiration, which showed erythroid hyperplasia (58.8%) with dyserythropoiesis, eosinophilia (16.4%), dysgranulopoiesis and 9.6% blast cells. These findings were compatible with the diagnosis of AML-M6, according to the French–American–British classification. A cytogenetic study showed the presence of t(6;9) (p23;q34) as the sole anomaly. Fluorescence in-situ hybridisation (FISH) was negative for inv(16), and molecular studies showed wild-type sequences for the fms-related tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) and nucleophosmin (NPM1). FISH was also negative for PDGFRA rearrangement.
The patient was treated with two cycles of cytarabine-based chemotherapy, achieving haematological remission; nevertheless, peripheral …
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.