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HPV infection status in cervical metaplastic carcinomas

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  • YL and QY contributed equally.

  • Contributors YL, QY, CR, XD, AH and CL contributed to the development and submission of this manuscript as follows: designing the study, directing its implementation and writing the discussion section; pathological review and immunohistochemical study; experiments on HPV status and genotype; conducting the literature review; preparing the materials and methods and case study sections; supervising the entire research activities and revising it critically for important intellectual content.

  • Funding National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant no. 81472430).

  • Competing interests None.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.