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Immune infiltrates and PD-L1 expression in treatment-naïve acinar prostatic adenocarcinoma: an exploratory analysis
  1. Elan Hahn1,2,
  2. Stanley K Liu3,
  3. Danny Vesprini3,
  4. Bin Xu1,2,
  5. Michelle R Downes1,2
  1. 1 Anatomic Pathology, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  2. 2 Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  3. 3 Radiation Oncology, Odette Cancer Centre, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre and University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  1. Correspondence to Dr Michelle R Downes, Anatomic Pathology, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Toronto, ON M4N 3M5, Canada; michelle.downes{at}sunnybrook.ca

Footnotes

  • Handling editor Runjan Chetty.

  • Contributors MRD: designed study, acquired data, drafted and approved manuscript. EH, SKL, DV: acquired data, drafted and approved manuscript. BX: statistical analysis, drafted and approved manuscript.

  • Competing interests MRD has received compensation from Hoffman – La Roche and Astra Zeneca for participating on advisory boards and honoraria from Astra Zeneca. BX has received honoraria from Merck.

  • Patient consent Not required.

  • Ethics approval Approval for this research was obtained from the research ethics board of Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre (REB 459–2016).

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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Footnotes

  • Handling editor Runjan Chetty.

  • Contributors MRD: designed study, acquired data, drafted and approved manuscript. EH, SKL, DV: acquired data, drafted and approved manuscript. BX: statistical analysis, drafted and approved manuscript.

  • Competing interests MRD has received compensation from Hoffman – La Roche and Astra Zeneca for participating on advisory boards and honoraria from Astra Zeneca. BX has received honoraria from Merck.

  • Patient consent Not required.

  • Ethics approval Approval for this research was obtained from the research ethics board of Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre (REB 459–2016).

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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