Aims Spliceosome genes (SF3B1, SRSF2, U2AF1 and ZRSR2) are commonly mutated in myeloid neoplasms, particularly in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). JAK2, MPL and CALR mutations are associated with myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN). Although SF3B1 and MPN-associated mutations frequently co-occur in the rare entity MDS/MPN with ring sideroblasts and thrombocytosis (MDS/MPN-RS-T), myeloid neoplasms with concurrent spliceosome and MPN-associated mutations encompass many disease entities and are not well characterised.
Methods Specimens from 2016 to 2019 with concurrent spliceosome and MPN-associated mutations were identified, and the clinicopathologic features were assessed.
Results The 36 cases were divided into mutational categories based on their spliceosome mutation. At diagnosis, cases with concurrent U2AF1 and MPN-associated mutations had lower leucocyte counts and platelet counts than did the other groups. Cases with mutant SRSF2 were more likely to have ASXL1 and IDH2 mutations, while U2AF1-mutated neoplasms were more likely to have an abnormal karyotype. The most common SF3B1 K700 and U2AF1 S34 mutational hotspots were underrepresented in our cohort of myeloid neoplasms with concurrent spliceosome and MPN-associated mutations, as SF3B1 and U2AF1 mutations tended to involve other codons. Numerous WHO-defined disease entities were represented in each spliceosome gene category; although MDS/MPN-RS-T were only identified in the group with SF3B1 mutations, they constituted only 1/4 of the neoplasms in the category.
Conclusions Myeloid neoplasms with different mutant splicing factor and concurrent MPN-associated mutations demonstrate somewhat different clinical and pathologic features, but t he association between genotypes and phenotypes in these overlapping neoplasms is not straightforward.
- myeloproliferative disease
- molecular pathology
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