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Non-fusion mutations in endometrial stromal sarcomas: what is the potential impact on tumourigenesis through cell cycle dysregulation?

Abstract

Targeted next-generation sequencing using the 50-gene Ion AmpliSeq Cancer Hotspot Panel v2 identified two significant point mutations in endometrial stromal sarcomas (ESS). Case 1 is a uterine mass from a quadragenarian woman with a karyotype lacking any known ESS rearrangements but demonstrated to have a CTNNB1-activating mutation (c.133T>C, p.[Ser45Pro]). Analysis of a uterine mass from case 2, a sexagenarian woman, revealed biallelic CDKN2A-inactivating mutations (c.172C>T, p.[Arg58Ter] and a deletion). Break-apart studies to identify YWHAE, JAZF1 and PHF1 rearrangements were negative in both tumours. We propose a model in which these point mutations may affect cell proliferation, converging at Wnt signalling and G1-S checkpoint control, that independently or in concert with a rare gene fusion result in ESS tumour development or progression.

  • sarcomas
  • cancer genetics
  • gynaecological pathology
  • molecular genetics
  • cell cycle regulation

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