Aim During the last few years, determination of microstatellite instability (MSI) status has become a routine part of clinical practice, essentially to detect Lynch syndrome. Recently, MSI testing has increased with the development of immunotherapy and has expanded to a large panel of solid tumours. The aim of our work was to evaluate a fully automated system developed by Biocartis, the Idylla MSI Test, which performs an MSI analysis within 150 min.
Methods A comparison between pentaplex PCR, immunohistochemistry and Idylla MSI Test was performed in 53 colorectal carcinoma samples, 7 small intestine adenocarcinomas, 15 duodenal and pancreatic adenocarcinomas, 16 gastric tumours, 15 endometrial adenocarcinomas, 5 ovarian carcinomas and 4 cases of urinary tract tumours using extracted DNA. Limit-of-detection (LOD) experiment was also done using a commercial DNA known to harbour MSI phenotype.
Results The overall sensitivity was 94% and the overall specificity was 100%. Two invalid and three false-negative results were observed. Our experiments showed that the amount of DNA loaded into the cartridge was decisive and should be superior to 25 ng. LOD comprised between 4% and 8%.
Conclusion Overall, we have demonstrated that the Idylla MSI Test is a rapid and valid option to detect MSI phenotype which can be used in a large panel of solid tumours.
- colorectal neoplasms
- pancreatic neoplasms
- stomach neoplasms
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