The FOXL2 (forkhead box L2) gene is located on chromosome 3 and encodes for forkhead box (FOX) family of transcription factors which play a critical role in various biological processes. Germline FOXL2 mutations have been identified in blepharophimosis/ptosis/epicanthus inversus syndrome. The somatic missense mutation in FOXL2 (FOXL2 C134W) is now known to be the defining molecular feature of adult-type granulosa cell tumour of the ovary, present in over 90% of cases of this tumour type. Immunohistochemistry for FOXL2 is used as a marker of sex cord-stromal differentiation. However, expression is not restricted to lesions harbouring FOXL2 mutations, and it is positive in a variety of sex cord-stromal proliferations other than adult-type granulosa cell tumour.
- Eye Diseases
- Genes, Neoplasm
- Pituitary Diseases
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Handling editor Sarah Chiang.
Contributors All authors made substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; all authors are accountable for all aspects of the work.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Commissioned; externally peer reviewed.