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SMARCA4 alterations in non-small cell lung cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis


Aims A mutation in the SMARCA4 gene which encodes BRG1, a common catalytic subunit of switch/sucrose non-fermentable chromatin-remodelling complexes, plays a vital role in carcinogenesis. SMARCA4 mutations are present in approximately 10% of non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC), making it a crucial gene in NSCLC, but with varying prognostic associations. To explore this, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis on the prognostic significance of SMARCA4 mutations in NSCLC.

Methods Electronic database search was performed from inception to December 2022. Study characteristics and prognostic data were extracted from each eligible study. Depending on heterogeneity, pooled HR and 95% CI were derived using the random-effects or fixed-effects models.

Results 8 studies (11 cohorts) enrolling 8371 patients were eligible for inclusion. Data on overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were available from 8 (10 cohorts) and 1 (3 cohorts) studies, respectively. Comparing SMARCA4-mutated NSCLC patients with SMARCA4-wild-type NSCLC patients, the summary HRs for OS and PFS were 1.49 (95% CI 1.18 to 1.87; I2=84%) and 3.97 (95% CI 1.32 to 11.92; I2=79%), respectively. The results from the trim-and-fill method for publication bias and sensitivity analysis were inconsistent with the primary analyses. Three studies reported NSCLC prognosis for category I and II mutations separately; category I was significantly associated with OS.

Conclusion Our findings suggest that SMARCA4 mutation negatively affects NSCLC OS and PFS. The prognostic effects of SMARCA4-co-occurring mutations and the predictive role of SMARCA4 mutation status in immunotherapy require further exploration.

  • Lung Neoplasms

Data availability statement

Data are available on reasonable request. The data generated and analysed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.

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