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TP53 and DNA-repair gene polymorphisms genotyping as a low-cost lung adenocarcinoma screening tool

Abstract

Aim TP53 and DNA repair polymorphisms have been proposed as cancer risk factors. This study evaluated the usability of TP53 Arg72Pro single-nucleotide polymorphism, X RCC1 Arg399Gln and RAD51 G135C as a low-cost lung adenocarcinoma screening tool.

Patients and methods This case–control study included 78 atients with lung adenocarcinoma and 79 healthy matched controls. TP53, XRCC1 and RAD51 genotyping was done by PCR followed by restriction length polymorphism. Descriptive analyses included genotype and allelic frequencies and deviations of the frequencies from those expected under Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium were assessed using the χ2 test. The OR and 95% CIs were calculated as an estimate of relative risk, with significance set at p value <0.05.

Results The TP53 codon 72 Pro allele and the XRCC1 codon 399 Arg allele in a homozygous state were associated with lung adenocarcinoma (p=0.037; OR (95%  CI) 2.42 (1.10 to 5.31)), that is, p=0.037; OR (95%  CI) 2.16 (1.08 to 4.33), respectively. Also, carriers of the TP53 codon 72 Pro allele and the XRCC1 codon 399 ArgArg genotype older than 50 showed an even higher risk of developing lung adenocarcinoma (p=0.03 in both cases).

Conclusions The TP53 codon 72 Arg allele and XRCC1 codon 399 Gln allele are likely to have a protective effect against lung adenocarcinoma, especially in individuals older than 50 years of age. XRCC1 and TP53 genotyping might be a useful low-cost tool for evaluating individual lung cancer risk, leading to earlier detection and management of this disease.

  • cancer screening
  • lung adenocarcinoma
  • single nucleotide polymorphism
  • TP53
  • XRCC1

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