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Injuries and deaths from lightning
  1. Ryan Blumenthal
  1. Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa
  1. Correspondence to Professor Ryan Blumenthal, Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X323, Gezina, 0031, South Africa; ryan.blumenthal{at}


This paper reviews recent academic research into the pathology of trauma of lightning. Lightning may injure or kill in a variety of different ways. Aimed at the trainee, or practicing pathologist, this paper provides a clinicopathological approach.

  • death
  • education
  • forensic pathology
  • morphological and microscopic findings

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  • Handling editor Tahir S Pillay.

  • Contributors Invited review. I am the sole author.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; externally peer reviewed.